Datapoint Ghanaian Pidgin English/Negation and tense, aspect, and mood marking

Ghanaian Pidgin English TAM markers are the same in sentences of positive and negative polarity, except for past perfective nεva, which contrasts with zero in positive sentences.

Values

Different TAM marking in negated clauses

Example 16-68:
à tɛl àm se à nɛva kam sɔm bifɔ
à
1sg
tɛl
tell
àm
3sg
se
comp
à
1sg
nɛva
neg.compl
kam
come
sɔm
some
bifɔ
before
I told him that I had not gone to sea before.

Source: Huber 1999: 217

Example 16-49:
dɛ ʧik si wã mà frɛn
art
ʧik
chick
si
see
wã
one
1sg.poss
frɛn
friend
The girl saw one of my friends.

Source: Huber 1999: 195

Confidence:
Very certain