Datapoint Gullah/Complementizer with verbs of speaking

Values

Complementizer identical to bare ‘say’ Frequency: 75.0%

Example 13-169:
So den, I tell oona say, ya ain gwine go ta heaben.
So
so
den,
then
I
I
tell
tell
oona
you
say,
say
ya
you
ain
neg.aux
gwine
going
go
go
ta
to
heaben.
heaven
So then I tell you that you aren’t going to go to heaven. (Mt 5.20)

Source: De Nyew Testament 2005: 14

Example 13-170:
Tell me after say dey catch birds.
Tell
tell
me
me
after
after
say
that
dey
they
catch
catch
birds.
birds
[They] told me afterwards that they caught birds.

Source: Turner [1949] 2002: 267

Example 13-171:
Jedus see all de crowd roun um, an e gii orda ta e ciple dem, say mus git ready fa cross oba ta de oda side ob de lake.
Jedus
Jesus
see
sees
all
all
de
the
crowd
crowd
roun
around
um,
him
an
and
e
he
gii
gives
orda
orders
ta
to
e
his
ciple
disciples
dem,
them
say
that
mus
must
git
get
ready
ready
fa
for
cross
cross
oba
over
ta
to
de
the
oda
other
side
side
ob
of
de
the
lake.
lake
Jesus sees the crowd around Him and He gives orders to his disciples that they must get ready to cross over to the other side of the lake. (Mt 8.18)

Source: De Nyew Testament 2005: 26

Confidence:
Very certain

No complementizer Frequency: 25.0%

Example 13-172:
Now, A da tell oona, King Solomon been too rich an hab fine cloes.
Now,
now
A
I
da
prog
tell
tell
oona
you
__,
__
King
King
Solomon
Solomon
been
been
too
too
rich
rich
an
and
hab
have
fine
fine
cloes.
clothes
Now, I am telling you King Solomon was too rich and had fine clothes. OR: And yet I say unto you that even Solomon in all his glory [was not arrayed like one of these]. (Mt 6.29)

Source: De Nyew Testament 2005: 20

Confidence:
Certain