Datapoint Bahamian Creole/Predicative noun phrases and predicative locative phrases

Predicative noun and predicative locative phrases tend to be encoded differently in the past, with a form of was favoured in predicative noun phrases and been favoured in predicative locative phrases. The distinction also appears to be related, however, to the phenomenon of grounding in discourse and the boundedness and/or stativity of verb situations; cf. Hackert (2004: 114). In present contexts, the form of the verb employed is usually is (thus, nominal and locational predication may be encoded in the same way there); however, as in African American English, the copula tends to be absent much more frequently before a locational expression than before a nominal one; cf. e.g. Shilling (1978: 29, 31). Finally, alternative forms (cf. Feature 75 "Predicative locative phrases") such as de are restricted to locative contexts.

Values

Overlap

Example 12-175:
Da- no, he's a Trinidadian. Yeah, he's a teacher. He's a tea- uh-huh. And he still teaches at the College of the Bahamas [...].
[...]
[...]
he's
3sg.sbj.3sg.cop
a
art
Trinidadian
Trinidadian
[...]
[...]
he's
3sg.sbj.3sg.cop
a
art
teacher.
teacher
[Daddy] is a Trinidadian [...] he’s a teacher.
Example 12-176:
I's a Baptist.
I's
1sg.sbj.cop
a
art
Baptist.
Baptist
I'm a Baptist.
Example 12-187:
[...] his wife is a pastor. I forget what they church name. They church in Freeport. She's a pastor in Freeport.
[...] his wife is a pastor. I forget what they church name. They church in Freeport. She's a pastor in Freeport.
[...] 3sg.m.poss wife cop art pastor 3pl.poss church in Freeport 3sg.f.cop art pastor in Freeport
[...] his wife is a pastor. [I can’t remember the name of their church.] Their church is in Freeport. She’s a pastor in Freeport.
Example 12-188:
[...] then I is the second oldest one [...].
[...]
 
then
[...]1sg.sbj
I
cop
is
def.art
the
ord
second
oldest
oldest
one
one
[...]
[...].
 
[...] I am the second child [...].
Example 12-189:
[...] he in Freeport now, he's a Christian now.
[...]
[...]
he
3sg.sbj
in
loc
Freeport
Freeport
now,
now
he's
3sg.sbj.cop
a
art
Christian
Christian
now.
now
[...] he’s in Freeport now, he’s a [born-again] Christian now.
Example 12-181:
I de here every night.
I
1sg.sbj
de
cop
here
loc
every
every
night.
night
I’m here every night.

Source: Shilling 1978: 60

Example 12-183:
I think he over in the other garden.
[...]
[...]
he
3sg.sbj
over
loc
in
prep
the
det
other
other
garden.
garden
[I think] he’s in the other garden.

Source: Shilling 1978: 87

Example 12-184:
I only have four home now [...] Only two does be home.
Only
only
two
two
does
hab
be
cop
home.
loc
[I only have four [children] at home now [...]]. Only two are at home.

Source: Shilling 1978: 72

Example 12-177:
I a old woman.
I
1sg.sbj
a
art
old
old
woman.
woman
I am an old woman.

Source: Shilling 1978: 49

Confidence:
Very certain