Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Passive constructions

In present-day Nicaraguan Creole English, even English passive constructions occur.

Values

Typical passive construction Frequency: 70.0%

Example 11-283:
If dis ting woz wel regyuleeted [...].
If
if
dis
dem
ting
thing
woz
cop.pst
wel
well
regyuleet-ed
regulate-ptcp
[...].
[...]
If this thing was well regulated [...].

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-284:
Taiga get fraitn.
Taiga
Tiger
get
get
fraitn.
frighten
Tiger was frightened.
Confidence:
Very certain

Passive without verbal coding Frequency: 30.0%

Example 11-281:
Iin awa deez, rom nou liigalaiz.
Iin
In
awa
1pl.poss
dee-z,
day-pl
rom
rom
nou
neg
liigalaiz.
legalize
In our days, consuming rum was not well seen.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-282:
Di papaya trii troo iin di basura.
Di
art.def
papaya
papaya
trii
tree
troo
throw
iin
in
di
art.def
basura.
garbage
The papaya tree was thrown into the garbage.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain