Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Interrogative pronouns

Single-word interrogatives derived from their English counterparts appear to have virtually ousted compound expressions which were current for three of the four interrogatives listed when Holm wrote his dissertation: húuda(t) ‘who’, wich paat, wich/wat said ‘where’, wen taim ‘when’.

Values

All simple words

Example 11-31:
huu; we/wier; wen; hou
huu;
who
we/wier;
where
wen;
when
hou
how
who; where; when; how

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-32:
Huu wa so briev fu put di bel roun di pus nek?
Huu
who
wa
fut
so
so
briev
brave
fu
comp
put
put
di
art.def
bel
bell
roun
around
di
art.def
pus
cat
nek?
neck
Who will be so brave as to put the bell around the cat’s neck?
Example 11-33:
Weh di fish?
Weh
where
di
art.def
fish?
fish
Where are the fish?
Example 11-34:
Hou yu gwain hevn an noh hav wing fa flai?
Hou
how
yu
2sg
gwain
go.prog
hevn
heaven
an
and
no
neg
hav
have
wing
wing
fa
for
flai?
fly
How are you going to heaven even though you don’t have wings to fly?
Example 11-35:
Weh yu hie di neks kriol?
Weh
where
yu
2sg
hie
hear
di
art.def
neks
next
kriol?
creole
Where have you heard the other/another creole spoken?

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-36:
Hou normal it iz?
Hou
how
normal
normal
it
3sg.n
iz?
cop.prs
How common is it?

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain