Value Particle, a few lexical items may intervene

Language:
Cape Verdean Creole of São Vicente
Parameter:
Tightness of the link between the past marker and the verb
References
Swolkien 2012

Examples

  1. Na Olánda, Ailton táva trubaiá.
    Na
    in
    Olánda,
    Holand
    Ailton
    Ailton
    táva
    pst.ipfv
    only
    trubaiá.
    work
    While in Holland, Ailton only worked.
    Portuguese: Na Holanda, Ailton só trabalhava.

    See Swolkien 2012

  2. Kond es tá ta txgá pert d'moráda, musin Ø voltá pa el.
    Kond
    when
    es
    3pl
    pst.ipfv
    ta
    prog
    txgá
    arrive
    pert
    near
    de
    of
    moráda,
    city
    musin
    boy
    Ø
    pfv
    voltá
    turn
    pa
    to
    el.
    3sg
    When they were arriving near the city the boy turned to him.
    Portuguese: Quando estavam a chegar perto da cidade, o rapaz voltou-se para ele.

    See Swolkien 2012