Value Dependent subject and object forms

Language:
Cape Verdean Creole of Santiago
Parameter:
Special dependent person forms for subject and object
References
Baptista 2002: 47/48 ; Lang 2012

Examples

  1. (A)mi N ta bai. (A)el e ta kunpanha-m. E ta kunpanha-l.
    A-mi
    top-1sg.indp
    N=ta=bai.
    1sg.dep=ipfv=go
    A-el
    top-3sg.indp
    e=ta=kunpanha=m.
    3sg.dep=ipfv=accompany=1sg
    E=ta=kunpanha=l.
    3sg.dep=ipfv=accompany=3sg
    I go. He accompanies me. He accompanies him.
    German: Ich gehe. Er begleitet mich. Er begleitet ihn.

    See Lang 2012

  2. N, bu, nhu, nha, e(l), nu, nhos, es
    N,
    1sg
    bu,
    2sg
    nhu,
    2sg.pol.m
    nha,
    2sg.pol.f
    e(l),
    3sg
    nu,
    1pl
    nhos,
    2pl
    es
    3pl
    I, you, you (polite M), you (polite F), he/she, we, you, they

    See Lang 2012

  3. -m, -(b)u, -l, -nu, -s
    -m,
    1sg.obj.dep
    -(b)u,
    2sg.obj.dep
    -l,
    3sg.obj.dep
    -nu,
    1pl.obj.dep
    -s
    3pl.obj.dep
    me, you, him/her, us, them

    See Lang 2012