Value Reduced TAM marking in negated clauses

Language:
Berbice Dutch
Parameter:
Negation and tense, aspect, and mood marking
References
Kouwenberg 1994a: 69; Kouwenberg 1994b; Kouwenberg 2000; Kouwenberg 2007b: 37

Examples

  1. tit ju nuno gau ka o das frot di mingi ben
    titi
    time
    ju
    2sg
    nunu
    pull
    o
    3sg
    gau
    quick
    ka
    neg
    o
    3sg
    das
    hab
    froto
    rot
    di
    def
    mingi
    water
    ben
    inside
    If you don't pull it out quickly, it gets rotten in the water.
  2. ɛkɛ ni hos eni nimtɛ dida ka
    ɛkɛ
    1sg
    nimi
    know
    hoso
    how
    eni
    3pl
    nimi-tɛ
    know-pfv
    dida
    that
    ka
    neg
    I don't know how they know that.

    See Kouwenberg 2000: 896

  3. o pantɛk bi o kom ababaga
    o
    3sg
    pama-tɛ
    tell-pfv
    ɛkɛ
    1sg
    bi
    say
    o
    3sg
    kumu
    come
    ababa
    anymore
    ka
    neg
    He told me that he isn't coming back anymore.

    See Kouwenberg 1994a: 97