94 Instrument relative clauses

This feature is described more fully in chapter 94.


This feature concerns the expression of relative clauses whose head has the instrumental role in the relative clause. A relative clause is defined as a clause that helps narrow the reference of a noun (the head) and in which the referent of the noun head has a semantic role. Relative clauses can be marked by a particle or be left unmarked (zero). The role of the head inside the relative clause can be indicated by a gap (no overt expression), or by a resumptive pronoun. The relative clause and the head’s role may also be marked by the same element a relative pronoun. Relative pronouns are forms that have different subject/object forms or can be combined with an adposition.


Martin Haspelmath, Susanne Maria Michaelis and the APiCS Consortium


Relative pronoun with pied-piping3811
Relative particle and gap with preposition stranding71219
Relative particle and resumptive pronoun91120
Zero and gap with preposition stranding189
Zero and resumptive pronoun6814
Relative pronoun with resumptive pronoun112
Instrument meaning is left implicit5611

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details