127 Interdental fricatives

This feature is described more fully in chapter 127.


This feature concerns the interdental fricatives [θ] (voiceless, as in English thumb) and [ð] (voiced, as in English that).


Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium


[θ] and [ð] are major allophones3
[θ] and [ð] are minor allophones6
[θ] and [ð] exist only in loanwords3
Only [ð] exists, as a minor allophone3
Only [θ] exists, in a limited way1
Neither [θ] nor [ð] exists60

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details