Guyanais

Guyanais (also créole guyanais, créole de Guyane) is spoken by about 60.000 people in the French overseas department Guyane française and by about 4.000 speakers in neighbouring Brazil. French Guiana Creole is listed as one of the langues de France. Today all creole-speakers seem to be bilingual Creole-French, whereas in the late 90s of the past century some of the older speakers of Guyanais had only a passive competence of French. Two main varieties may be distinguished, a basilectal variety spoken in the communities of Makouria, Tonate, Roura, Ouanary and Saint-Georges and a mesolectal variety spoken on the coast (i.e. Cayenne, Rémire and Kourou).

The basilectal variety is the default lect documented in APiCS. All examples are taken from or constructed on the basis of two corpora recorded from 1995-99 and 2006-12 respectively. Two of the recordings have been published in Ludwig & Telchid & Bruneau-Ludwig 2001, a greater sample of recordings will be published in Jennings & Pfänder (to appear).

Some divergent features in the costal variety have been mentioned in the description of the tense and aspect markers. Some of the divergences may be due to the fact that a great number of the coastal speakers are in fact second-language speakers of Guyanais and have another creole language as their first language (Haitian, Martinican and Guadeloupean Creoles).

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No. Feature Value % lect Details Source
No. Feature Value % lect Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % lect Details Source