Afrikaans

Afrikaans is the first language of more than 6 million speakers in South-Africa, Namibia, and the south of Botswana, and second language to many more. There are three main varieties of Afrikaans: Kaaps Afrikaans (Cape Afrikaans) is spoken by coloured people in the South Western part of South Africa, roughly in a circle of around 200-250 km around Cape Town. Oranjerivier-Afrikaans (Orange River Afrikaans) is mainly spoken by coloured people in the south of Free State, the North-Western Cape, and Namibia. Oranjerivier-Afrikaans has much more Khoekhoe influence than Kaaps Afrikaans. Oosgrens-Afrikaans (Eastern Cape Afrikaans) is the variety on which Standard Afrikaans is based. It is spoken by white people in the North Eastern part of South Africa. Standard Afrikaans is spoken throughout South Africa and is the language that most of the white people speak. The default lect used for the description in APiCS is Standard Afrikaans.

No. Feature Value % Details Source
No. Feature Value % Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Special segments

çvoiceless palatal fricative - Exists only as a minor allophone
ɔudiphthong falling from lower mid back rounded vowel to high back rounded vowel - Exists (as a major allophone)
œydiphthong falling from lower mid front rounded vowel to high front rounded vowel - Exists (as a major allophone)
ǝidiphthong falling from mid central unrounded vowel to high front unrounded vowel - Exists (as a major allophone)

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % Details Source