Datapoint Michif/Comitatives and instrumentals

The preposition avik/avek is used for both instrumentals and comitative.

The postposition ashichi and uschi (both from Cree) is used for both instrumentals and comitatives by a few speakers.

A verbal prefix wiichi- 'to do something together' can be used for comitative but not for instrumental.

Values

Overlap

Example 75-176:
Zhaan kiipeetuhteew avek omaamaa(wa) / omaamaawa.
Zhaan
John
kii-pee-tuhtee-w
pst-TOWARDS.SPEAKER-go-3sg
avek
with
o-maamaa
3.poss-mother
/
 
o-maamaa-wa.
3.poss-mother-obv
John came with his mother.

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-177:
Zhan dan lii muuvii kiituhteew pi peeshaaweew Maari.
Zhan
John
dan
prep.loc
lii
art.pl
muuvii
movie
kii-tuhtee-w
pst-go-3
pi
and
peeshaaw-eew
bring.anim-3.sbj.3.obj
Maari.
Mary
John went to the movies with Mary. OR: John went to the movies and he brought Mary.

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-173:
Maamaa kiiaapachiheew lii rosh eeshikwatahahk lii takwahiminaana.
Maamaa
mother
kii-aapachih-eew
pst-use.anim-3.sbj.3.obj
lii
art.pl
rosh
stone
ee-shikwatah-ahk
comp-crush.inan-3.sbj.3.obj
lii
art.pl
takwahiminaan-a.
chokecherry-pl
My mother used stones to make beaten choke-cherries. OR: My mother crushed choke-cherries with stones.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 37

Example 75-171:
La vyaan kiimanisham avek li kwato.
La
def.art.f.sg
vyaan
meat
kii-manish-am
pst-cut.inan-3.obj.inan
avek
with
li
def.art.m.sg
kwato.
knife
She cut the meat with a knife.

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-178:
Wiichimaentaweemaenw.
Wiichi-meetawee-m-eew.
together.with-play-tr-3.sbj.3.obj
He plays (together) with him.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 232

Confidence:
Very certain