Datapoint Michif/Marking of pronominal possessors

French nouns have French possessive pronouns, preceding the noun. Cree nouns have Cree prefixes (1SG, 2 SG, 3SG.INAN) or circumfixes (1PL.INCL, 1PL.EXCL, 2PL, 3SG.ANIM, 3PL.ANIM).

In rare cases, in order to distinguish exclusive from inclusive forms, French possessives are combined with Cree suffixes.

Values

Preceding word Frequency: 87.5%

Example 75-51:
Ma fiy avik so marii sa sakord baen.
Ma
1.poss.f
fiy
girl
avik
with
so
3.poss.m
marii
husband
sa
3pl
sakord
agree
baen.
well
My daughter and her husband are harmonious (get along well).

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 126

Example 75-103:
ta fiy
ta
2.poss
fiy
daughter
your daughter

Source: Fleury 2007

Confidence:
Very certain

Prefix Frequency: 12.5%

Example 75-75:
kitawakaya
ki-tawakay-a
2sg-ear-pl.inan
your ears

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-76:
Nushishimak anikik.
N-ushish-im-ak
1-grandchild-poss-anim.pl
anikik.
dem.anim.pl
Those are my grandchildren.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 115

Example 75-104:
ta langinaan
ta
2.poss
lang-inaan
language-1pl
our language (inclusive)
Example 75-105:
not langinaan
not
1pl.poss
lang-inaan
language-1pl
our language (exclusive)

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-106:
Kiya eekwa niya sapran chikakweekuneehtamaashuyaahk not laanginaan.
Kiya
2sg
eekwa
and
niya
1sg
sapran
necessary
chi-kakwee-kuneehtamaa-shu-yaahk
fut.comp-try-preserve-refl-1pl
not
1pl.poss
laang-inaan.
language-1pl
You and I, we have to preserve our language.

Source: Fleury 2008

Example 75-107:
opaapaawa
o-paapaa-wa
3.poss-father-obv
his father

Source: Fleury 2007

Confidence:
Very certain