Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Uses of the progressive marker

In Gurindji Kriol the progressive marker is used with dynamic verbs and an asymmetrical serial verb construction using the minor verb top (< stop, to be) is used to indicate ongoing activity in stative verbs.

Values

Only progressive function

Example 72-74:
Dat warlakungkuma im kilimbatkarra dat biyu hawuj.
Dat
the
warlaku-ngku-ma
dog-erg-top
im
3sg
kil-im-bat-karra
hit-tr-cont-cont
dat
the
bi-yu
bee-dat
hawuj.
home
The dog, he is hitting the bee's home.

Source: Meakins 2007: 419

Example 72-75:
An warlaku bin top kutij nyantuwarinyj.
An
and
warlaku
dog
bin
pst
top
cont
kutij
stand
nyantu-warinyj.
3sg-alone
And the dog was standing alone.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Certain