Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Position of tense, aspect, and mood markers in relation to the verb

In Gurindji Kriol, tense markers are Kriol-derived free morphemes which precede the verb or are clitics attached to subject pronouns. Aspect markers are Kriol -bat (transitive verbs), -in (intransitive verbs) and Gurindji-derived -karra (general) verbal suffixes. Note that these are continuative markers rather than im/perfective markers.

Values

Immediately following the verb Frequency: 50.0%

Example 72-71:
Dat boingku i bin maindimbatkarra nyanuny kapuku.
Dat
the
boi-ngku
boy-erg
i
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
maind-im-bat-karra
mind-tr-cont-cont
nyanuny
3dat
kapuku.
sister
The boy was looking after his sister.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain

In a leftward position Frequency: 50.0%

Example 72-73:
I bin til faindim nyanuny Mummy na dat yapakayingku.
I
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
til
still
faind-im
find-tr
nyanuny
3sg.dat
Mummy
mother
na
foc
dat
the
yapakayi-ngku.
small-erg
It still found its mother, the little one did.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain