Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Functions of reduplication

Reduplication is used to express plurality in nouns and iterative aspect in verbs. The pattern of reduplication varies according to the language of the stem. Gurindji-derived words are only partially reduplicated, and Kriol words show full reduplication of the stem.

Values

Only iconic functions

Example 72-51:
Nyilanginyima dei bin rarrarraj na nganta motikangkirri.
Nyila-nginyi-ma
that-abl-disc
dei
3pl.sbj
bin
pst
rarrarraj
run.red
na
disc
nganta
doubt
motika-ngkirri.
car-all
After that, they ran and ran to the car, I think.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Example 72-29:
Ma ngali gon jarrei toktok bo nyilarrat jarrei.
Ma
OK
ngali
1du.incl.pot
gon
go
jarrei
that.way
tok~tok
talk.red
bo
prep
nyila-rrat
that-pl
jarrei.
that.way
OK you and I will go there to talk to that lot over there.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Example 72-52:
Kajijirrima dei yusta jingimbat darrei yawulyu.
Kajijirri-ma
old.woman.red-top
dei
3pl.sbj
yusta
used.to
jing-im-bat
sing-tr-cont
darrei
that.way
yawulyu.
sacred.song
The old women used to sing sacred songs over there.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain