Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Expression of nominal plural meaning

Plurality is generally not marked on the nominal (cf. Example 41), although it can be indicated optionally through paucal suffixes. Plurality is generally indicated on the determiners. Gurindji-derived nominals can also be partially reduplicated, though this is not a common strategy. Full reduplication of nouns is very common in Kriol, and is a point of difference between Kriol and Gurindji Kriol.

Values

Plural suffix Frequency: 70.0%

Example 72-37:
Wi garra gedim wumarawalija.
Wi
1pl.sbj
garra
pot
ged-im
get-tr
wumara-walija.
rock-pauc
We’ll get some rocks.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Example 72-41:
Dem manyanyi na ai laikim yapayapa.
Dem
those
manyanyi
plant.species
na
foc
ai
1sg.sbj
laik-im
like-tr
yapayapa.
young
I like the young manyanyi leaves.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain

Plural reduplication Frequency: 30.0%

Example 72-40:
Yu nou wen dei duim marlurlukangku raunanraun.
Yu
2sg
nou
know
wen
when
dei
3pl.sbj
du-im
do-tr
marlurluka-ngku
old.man.red-erg
raunanraun.
round.and.round
You know, when those old men do that part of the ceremony.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain