Datapoint Pidgin Hawaiian/ʔ - glottal plosive

Because the glottal was not orthographically recorded in 19th century sources, it is unclear what its status was in Pidgin Hawaiian. There is good evidence of its loss in medial position (pi'i < pi) and it was likely lost in onset position on account of its phonotactic difficulty for English and other speakers lacking glottals. However, the form of the definite article (which varied according to the initial consonant of the following noun) may provide evidence of its preservation. Tomas Quihano, the only Pidgin Hawaiian speaker recorded in modern times, is transcribed with glottals in some words (ma'i 'disease') and without them in others (pi mai, aole, etc).


Exists only as a minor allophone

Example 71-212: