Datapoint Juba Arabic/Comitatives and instrumentals

In Juba Arabic ma and be express comitative and instrumental respectively; notwithstanding, we maintain that there is a semantic overlap between the two elements. Note that the two items are present in Arabic where they are semantically well differentiated.

Values

Identity

Example 64-143:
ána dugú be kásaba
ána
1sg
dugú
beat.pass
be
by
kásaba
stick
I was beaten with a stick.

Source: Manfredi 2005: 124

Example 64-144:
binía al be úo gerówa józu de
binía
girl
al
rel
be
with
úo
3sg
ge=rówa
prog=go
józu
marry
de
dem.prox
the girl (my brother) is going to marry

Source: Manfredi 2005: 125

Example 64-145:
ána rówa ma úo laádi fi bet
ána
1sg
rówa
go
ma
with
úo
3sg
laádi
up.to
fi
in
bet
house
I went up to the house with him.

Source: Manfredi 2005: 125

Example 64-141:
aswí de bijurú ma páip
aswí
aswí
de
dem.prox
bi=jurú
irr=pull
ma
by
páip
pipe
Aswí is smoked with a pipe.

Source: Manfredi 2005: 125

Confidence:
Very certain