Datapoint Mixed Ma’a/Mbugu/Distance contrasts in demonstratives

The three degrees of distance refer roughly to (1) near speaker (), (2) near addressee or referential () and (3) distant ().

Values

Three-way contrast

Example 62-26:
mbuvá hú ní kíni
mbuva
field
that
is
kíni
their
That field is theirs.
Example 62-27:
luhigé lukuhló ní yá
luhige
door
lu-kuhlo
11-nice
is
this
The good door is this.
Example 62-28:
lukándo ká ní lwá míndá ghó
lukando
wall
dem2
is
lú-a
11-poss
minda
house
ghó
my
This wall is the one of my room.
Example 62-5:
va'inyí ní vagitutú
va'inyí
children
this
is
va-gitutú
2-small
These children are small.
Confidence:
Very certain