Datapoint Haitian Creole/Complementizer with verbs of speaking

Values

No complementizer Frequency: 70.0%

Example 49-288:
Ou di m w al ak Yv.
Ou
2sg
di
say
m
1sg
w
2sg
al
go
ak
with
Yv.
Yves
You tell me you went with Yves.
French: Tu me dis être allé avec Yves.

Source: Dejean 1982: 22

Example 49-290:
Anplwaye yo di kareman yo p ap travay pou chikèt monnen sa a.
Anplwaye
employee
yo
def.pl
di
say
kareman
categorically
yo
3pl
p
neg
ap
inacc
travay
work
pou
for
chikèt
slim
monnen
money
sa
dem
a.
sg
The employees declared categorically that they wouldn't work for this paltry sum of money.
French: Les employés ont dit carrément qu'ils ne vont pas travailler pour un peu de monnaie.

Source: Valdman et al. 2007: 172

Example 49-289:
Manman m di m konsa m a kapab leve on sak san liv lè m a gen kenz an.
Manman
mother
m
1sg
di
say
m
1sg
konsa
like
m
that
a
1sg
kapab
fut
leve
able
on
lift
sak
a
san
sack
liv
hundred
pound
m
when
a
1sg
gen
fut
kenz
fifteen
an.
year
My mother told me like this that I would be able to lift a sack of one hundred pounds when I would be fifteen years old.
French: Ma mère m’a dit comme ça que je serai capable de soulever un sac de cent livres quand j’aurai quinze ans.

Source: Dejean 1982: 34

Confidence:
Very certain

Complementizer not synchronically related to ‘say’ Frequency: 30.0%

Example 49-291:
Yo di ke y ap tiye l kanmenm.
Yo
3pl
di
say
ke
comp
y
3pl
ap
inacc
tiye
kill
l
3sg
kanmenm.
still
They said that they'd kill him anyway.
French: Ils ont dit qu'ils le tueraient malgré tout.

Source: Valdman et al. 2007: 338

Confidence:
Very certain