Datapoint Papiamentu/Internal order of tense, aspect, and mood markers

The main difficulty in assigning one of the values given here, is in the fact that different authors do not agree on what are the Tense, Mood, Aspect markers of Papiamentu. Thus, different from other authors, Kouwenberg & Lefebvre (2007) argue that lo is not a preverbal Mood marker, but heads Fin(iteness)P instead - an analysis which accounts for its peripheral position (see Feature 43 "Position of tense, aspect, and mood markers in relation to the verb"). If that analysis is on the right track, lo is not relevant here, and the possible content of the preverbal Mood position needs to be reconsidered altogether. A further consequence of that analysis is that Papiamentu does not, in fact, differ from other creole languages in that it conforms to the protypical preverbal Tense-Mood-Aspect order, with Mood possibly being expressed by pa, normally translated as 'for', but with modal implications.
Here, acknowledging the fact that this analysis is as yet preliminary and needs to be supported by further work, I have followed more traditional scholarship, which treats lo as a preverbal mood marker in an unusual peripheral position. This means that the order of elements is:
[lexical subject] MOOD [weak pronoun subject] NEG TNS/ASP VERB. Note that a lexical subject and clitic/weak pronoun subject do not cooccur. Note, further, that the preverbal tense/aspect markers are mutually exclusive.

Values

The feature does not apply

Example 47-87:
Lo e por ta kome.
Lo
mood
e
3sg
por
be.able
ta
tns
kome.
eat
He may be eating.

Source: Goilo 1972: 96

Example 47-86:
Lo mi tabata por a kome.
Lo
mood
mi
1sg
tabata
pst
por
be.able
a
pfv
kome.
eat
I shall have been able to eat.

Source: Goilo 1972: 96

Confidence:
Very certain