Datapoint Ternate Chabacano/Language abandonment

The speakers of Ternate Chabacano are all bilingual in Chabacano and Tagalog. Some families prefer to use Tagalog and English with their children because these languages enjoy a higher social status and are instrumental for social advancement.
Although reliable numbers are difficult to obtain, the total number of speakers seems to be decreasing. Molony (1973) mentions 8,000 speakers of Ternate Chabacano, and in the 1995 Philippine Population Census the number of Chabacano speakers in Ternate was 3,194.