Datapoint Ternate Chabacano/Special dependent person forms for subject and object

See also Llamado (1972: 73–74) and Whinnom (1956: 88).

The plural pronouns have weak or unstressed forms mótru, lótru mainly occurring after the verb. This might suggest that there is a contrast between independent pronouns and dependent pronouns, but as a tendency in performance that is not yet grammaticalized.

Values

No dependent person forms

Example 44-28:
kumígo; kumbó, kun(g)tédi; kun(g)éli; kumihótro [kumótru]; kun(g)tédi; kulótru
kumígo;
1sg.obj
kumbó,
2sg.obj
kun(g)tédi;
2sg.obj.pol
kun(g)éli;
3sg.obj
kumótru;
1pl.obj
kun(g)tédi;
2pl.obj
kulótru
3pl.obj
me; you; him/her; us; you; them
Example 44-29:
Ya botá kon éli, ya salí éli.
Ya
pfv
botá
throw.away
kon
obj
éli,
3sg
ya
pfv
salí
go
éli.
3sg
He was thrown out, he left.
Example 44-27:
yo; bo; (us)tédi, éle; mihótro; (us)tédi; lohótro
yo;
1sg
bo;
2sg
(us)tédi,
2sg.pol
éle;
3sg
mótro;
1pl
(us)tédi;
2pl
lótro
3pl
I, you, (s)he, we, you, they

Source: Sippola 2006: 49

Confidence:
Certain