Datapoint Papiá Kristang/Present reference of stative verbs and past perfective reference of dynamic verbs

In Kristang, an unmarked dynamic verb may have two temporal interpretations: present (habitual) or past (habitual). Unmarked dynamic verbs can also be found in past contexts where they refer to a past perfective event, although it is more often the case that such verbs are marked with ja. An unmarked stative may have past (imperfective) or present (imperfective) temporal reference.

Values

Stative verbs with present reference and dynamic verbs with past perfective reference are marked differently

Example 42-85:
yo sa pai fai sibrisu na munisipal
yo
1sg
sa
gen
pai
father
fai
do
sibrisu
work
na
loc
munisipal
municipal
My father works / used to work in the Municipal (Government).

Source: Baxter 1988: 134

Example 42-86:
ja kaba gera, eli bai tona kontiná aké sibrisu lá
ja
pfv
kaba
finish
gera,
war
eli
3sg
bai
go
tona
again
kontiná
continue
aké
that
sibrisu
work
emph
After the war, he went back, continued with that job.

Source: Baxter 1988: 134

Example 42-87:
éli sabé bos ta beng
éli
3sg
sabé
know
bos
2sg
ta
prog
beng
come
He knows/knew you are/were coming.

Source: Baxter 1988: 135

Example 42-88:
yo sa pai fai sibrisu na municipal
yo
1sg
sa
gen
pai
father
fai
do
sibrisu
work
na
loc
municipal
municipal
My father works / used to work in the Municipal service.

Source: Baxter 1988: 134

Example 42-89:
eli sabé bos ta beng
eli
3sg
sabé
know
bos
2sg
ta
prog
beng
come
He/she knows/knew that you are/were coming.
Example 42-1:
Taté ja olá ku bela Rozil
Taté
Taté
ja
pfv
olá
see
ku
acc
bela
old
Rozil
Rozil
Taté saw old Rozil.

Source: Baxter 1988: 176

Confidence:
Very certain