Datapoint Sri Lanka Portuguese/Functions of reduplication

Included under the rubric of reduplication are "echo compounds", a South Asian areal feature, in which the first part of the reduplicated word is replaced by a stock item. The size of the replaced segment and the form of the stock item vary from language to language. In Sri Lanka Portuguese and Tamil the first syllable onset and vowel are replaced by ki(i). The meaning is 'etc.'

Values

Only iconic functions

Example 41-53:
aka meedu meedu meskura saykal. uŋ ispiim jadaay sara ʈyuub taam nukuvala
aka
that
meedu~meedu
fear~fear
mes-kura
oblig-run
saykal.
bicycle
one
ispiim
thorn
jaa-daay
pst-strike
sara
cond
ʈyuub
tube
taam
also
nuku-vala
neg-be.good
I must ride in great fear. If I hit a thorn, the tube also is no good.

Source: Smith's 1974-5 field notes: 5416

Example 41-52:
kaaza mee sɔɔ sɔɔ santaa tapusaa voo?
kaaza
house
mee
foc
sɔɔ~sɔɔ
alone~alone
santaa
sit
ta-pusaa
prs-pull
voo?
indf
Are they sitting and playing at home by themselves [i.e. each one alone]?

Source: Smith's 1974-5 field notes: 5431

Example 41-54:
tɔɔna viraa rundaay kindaay faya kastigaatu poɖipa, tɔɔna viraa faya taprenda. kii tafaya?
tɔɔna
afterwards
viraa
back
rundaay
scold
ki-ndaay
ki-red
faya
caus
kastigaa-tu,
pester-pfv.ptcp
poɖipa,
child.acc
tɔɔna
afterwards
viraa
back
faya
caus
ta-prenda.
prs-study
kii
what
ta-faya?
prs-do
Afterwards we scolded and so on and pestered him, the boy, afterwards [we] are again getting him to study. What to do? (OR: Consultant's original translation: Afterwards, scolded and advised and troubled him, again we are educating the boy. What to do?)

Source: Smith's 1974-5 field notes: 5214

Confidence:
Very certain