Datapoint Berbice Dutch/Present reference of stative verbs and past perfective reference of dynamic verbs

If used in a non-past discourse context, unmarked statives have present or generic reference, whereas unmarked non-statives usually have generic or habitual reference. Present reference of unmarked non-statives is attested with speech verbs, e.g. pama ‘tell’. Where other non-statives have non-past reference which is nongeneric, they appear in a modifed form.

Values

Stative verbs with present reference and dynamic verbs with past perfective reference are marked differently

Example 28-93:
di mama suku M. fi ʃima fan di wari ka
di
the
mama
mother
suku
want
M.
m.
fi
for
ʃima
move
fan
from
di
the
wari
house
ka
neg
His mother doesn't want M. to move out.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 324

Example 28-94:
en dro kokonotan bako an dɛn [...]
eni
3pl
droko
dry
kokonoto
coconut
an
and
baku
beat
o
3sg
an
and
dɛn
then
[...].
[...]
They dry coconuts, beat it (i.e. the coconut fibre), and then [...].

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 325

Example 28-95:
ju kik hori habwo sa bam ka
ju
2sg
kiki
see
hoso
how
ori
3sg
habu
have
o
3sg
sa
so
bam
nice
ka
neg
You see how he doesn't keep it very nice.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 354

Example 28-1:
di tokap furfurtɛ ɛk buku
di
the
toko-apu
child-pl
furu-furu-tɛ
steal-steal-pfv
ɛkɛ
1sg
buku
book
The children stole my books (repeatedly, over a period of time).

Source: Kouwenberg 1992: 287

Confidence:
Certain