Datapoint Berbice Dutch/Verb doubling and focus

Similarly to focus of nominals, a focused verb is optionally introduced by a highlighter (copula da), and/or optionally followed by a focus marker (sa/so).

Values

Verb fronted with a copy in the background clause

Example 28-184:
da muso wa mu
da
cop
mu
go
so
foc
o
3sg
wa
pst
mu-tɛ
go-pfv
He had really gone.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 438

Example 28-185:
di potman, da blɛndso bigintɛ blɛndɛ
di
the
potɛ-man,
old-man
da
cop
blɛndɛ
blind
so
foc
o
3sg
bigin-tɛ
begin-pfv
blɛndɛ
blind
The father, he began to really get blind.

Source: Kouwenberg 2007b: 40

Confidence:
Very certain