Datapoint Kriol/Subject relative clauses

Values

Relative particle and resumptive pronoun Frequency: 33.3%

Example 25-49:
Thei bin oldei faindim, thet [...] goana, we imin oldei klaimap.
Thei
3pl
bin
pst
oldei
always
faind-im,
find-tr
thet
dem
[...]
[...]
goana,
goanna
we
subord
im=in
3sg=pst
oldei
always
klaim-ap.
climb-up
They used to find the [...] goanna when it used to climb up. OR: They used to find any goanna that climbed up.
Example 25-51:
Imin daib rait la jat krokadail wea imin nesimbat dat faiya.
Im=in
3sg=pst
daib
dive
rait
right
la
loc
jat
dem
krokadail
crocodile
wea
subord
im=in
3sg=pst
nes-im-bat
nurse-tr-prog
dat
dem
faiya.
fire
It dove right to the crocodile which was looking after the fire.

Source: Sandefur & Sandefur 1982: 61

Example 25-314:
Wot thet lijad we im jidan?
Wot
what
thet
dem
lijad
lizard
we
subord
im
3sg
jidan?
sit
What's the lizard that stays?
Example 25-145:
Dumaji ai bin askimbat kwestyin la thad munanga na weya alabat wek jeya.
Dumaji
because
ai
1sg
bin
pst
ask-im-bat
ask-tr-prog
kwestyin
question
la
loc
thad
dem
munanga
non.Aboriginal
na
now
weya
subord
alabat
3pl
wek
work
jeya.
there
Because I was questioning the non-Aboriginals who are working there.

Source: Angelo et al. 1998a

Example 25-188:
Thet min bos bla mibala. [...] Thet fo mibala bos. [...] Gunjumarra min bla mibala bos wanim tijing as yuno? [...] Mai big bos [...] Au bos wanim tijing as.
Thet
dem
min
mean
bos
boss
bla
dat/poss
mibala.
1pl.excl
[...]
[...]
Thet
dem
fo
dat/poss
mibala
1pl.excl
bos.
boss
[...]
[...]
Gunjumarra
boss
min
mean
bla
dat/poss
mibala
1pl.excl
bos
boss
wan=im
subord=3sg
tij-ing
teach-prog2
as
1pl.excl.obj
yuno?
you.know
[...]
[...]
Mai
1sg.poss
big
big
bos
boss
[...]
[...]
Au
1pl.excl.poss
bos
boss
wan=im
subord=3sg
tij-ing
teach-prog2
as.
1pl.excl.obj
(That means) our boss/teacher, that's our boss, gunjumarra means our boss who is teaching us you know? [...] My big boss [...] Our boss who is teaching us.
Confidence:
Intermediate

Zero and gap Frequency: 33.3%

Example 25-59:
Mindubala go ngarra la thatlat biginini ani kambek burrum Dupuma.
Mindubala
1du.excl
go
go
ngarra
look.for
la
loc
that-lat
dem-pl
biginini
child
ani
pot
kam-bek
come-back
burrum
from
Dupuma.
Dhupuma
We're going to look for the children who will come back from Dhupuma (College). OR: We're going to look for the children who are coming back from Dhupuma (College).

Source: Sandefur & Sandefur 1982: 57

Example 25-169:
Mi thad fes pesin bin gaji fish ba alabat.
Mi
1sg
thad
eq.cop
fes
first
pesin
person
bin
pst
gaji
get:tr
fish
fish
ba
dat/poss
alabat.
3pl
I was the first person who caught a fish for everyone.

Source: Angelo et al. 1998b

Example 25-57:
Oletaim, yuno, wa mibala bin la steshen.
Oletaim,
always
yuno,
you.know
wa
subord
mibala
1pl
bin
pst
la
loc
steshen.
station
All the time, you know, when/that we were on the station.
Confidence:
Intermediate

Zero and resumptive pronoun Frequency: 33.3%

Example 25-315:
Yu luk dijan iya klaud im meigimbat mijal.
Yu
2sg
luk
look
dijan
prox:adj
iya
here
klaud
cloud
im
3sg
meig-im-bat
make-tr-prog
mijal.
refl
You look at these clouds here forming (themselves).

Source: Angelo et al. 1998b

Confidence:
Intermediate