Datapoint Kriol/Marking of patient noun phrases

Patient noun phrases are unmarked. Most transitive verbs have a transitivity marking suffix -im, but this is neither case-marking (because it occurs on the verb, not on the patient NP) nor head-marking, because it is invariable and therefore does not provide any information (e.g. person, number) about the patient.

Values

No marking of patient NPs

Example 25-4:
Stakmen bin barnim gras.
Stakmen
stockman
bin
pst
barn-im
burn-tr
gras.
grass
The stockmen burnt the grass.

Source: Sandefur 1979: 114

Example 25-233:
Mindubala bin oldei kilimbat goana.
Mindubala
1du.excl
bin
pst
oldei
always
kil-im-bat
kill-tr-prog
goana.
goanna
The two of us used to kill goannas.
Example 25-22:
Thei bin bayimbat ola nyuwannyuwan modiga na. Yu luk olkain modiga nyuwannyuwan la B.
Thei
3pl
bin
pst
bay-im-bat
buy-tr-prog
ola
pl
nyuwan~nyuwan
red.new:adj
modiga
car
na.
now
Yu
2sg
luk
look
olkain
all.kind
modiga
car
nyuwan~nyuwan
red.new:adj
la
loc
B.
B.
They bought new cars then. You look at all the cars that are new at B. (place name)

Source: Angelo et al. 1998a

Example 25-43:
Bat au fatha bin telim "na yu kan teikimbek this tu kid".
Bat
but
au
1pl.poss
fatha
father
bin
pst
tel-im
tell-tr
"na
no
yu
2sg
kan
can.neg
teik-im-bek
take-tr-back
this
prox
tu
two
kid".
child
But our father told him "no you can't take back these two kids".
Example 25-127:
Mi en main mami bin getim det drak blanga im na.
Mi
1sg
en
and
main
1sg.poss
mami
mummy
bin
pst
get-im
get–tr
det
dem
drak
truck
blanga
dat/poss
im
3sg
na.
now
My mummy and I got his truck (that truck of his) now.

Source: Munro 2004: 142

Confidence:
Very certain