Datapoint Kriol/Order of adjective and noun

In all varieties, the unmarked word order of adjective and noun in the noun phrase is adjective - noun, but the reverse order is also attested. Most adjectives in Kriol take one of the two suffixes -wan (general) or -bala (only for modifiers in NPs with animate reference and in some lexicalized expressions) which can also be used to derive adjectives from nouns. There are some exceptions, e.g. ol 'old' in Example 21.

Values

Modifying adjective precedes noun Frequency: 70.0%

Example 25-15:
Wi gan idimbat oldei rowan taga.
Wi
1pl.incl
gan
cannot
id-im-bat
eat-tr-prog
oldei
always
ro-wan
raw-adj
taga.
tucker
We can’t continue to eat raw food.

Source: Sandefur & Sandefur 1982: 61

Example 25-19:
Ai oldei telim im "Na::, jed Nangari yu bin meikim krai fo jet lil bed."
Ai
1sg
oldei
always
tel-im
tell-tr
im
3sg
"Na,
no
jed
dem
Nangari
Nangari
yu
2sg
bin
pst
meik-im
make-tr
krai
cry
fo
dat
jet
dem
lil
little
bed."
bird
I always tell him: "No, that Nangari, you made her cry for that little bird."
Example 25-16:
Dijan bin oldei killim bigwan goana gibit langa im na.
Dijan
prox:adj
bin
pst
oldei
always
kill-im
kill-tr
big-wan
big-adj
goana
goanna
gib-it
give-tr
langa
loc
im
3sg
na.
now
This one always killed big goannas and gave them to her then.
Example 25-18:
Imin dalim ola lilwanlilwan kokiroj.
Im=in
3s=pst
dal-im
tell-tr
ola
all
lilwan~lilwan
red.little:adj
kokiroj.
cockroach
It told the little cockroaches.

Source: Bennett 1986: 3

Example 25-17:
Olabat bigbala yem.
Olabat
3pl
big-bala
big-adj2
yem.
yam
They are big yams.

Source: Sandefur 1979: 123

Example 25-20:
dis bigwan mangki
dis
prox
big-wan
big-adj
mangki
monkey
this big monkey

Source: Hudson 1985: 48

Example 25-21:
Mela bin kemp theya na, theya, tharrei la [...] ol rod.
Mela
1pl.excl
bin
pst
kemp
camp
theya
there
na,
now
theya,
there
tharr-ei
dist-dir
la
loc
[...]
[...]
ol
old
rod.
road
We camped right there, there, that way on the old road.

Source: Angelo et al. 1998a

Confidence:
Very certain

Modifying adjective follows noun Frequency: 30.0%

Example 25-22:
Thei bin bayimbat ola nyuwannyuwan modiga na. Yu luk olkain modiga nyuwannyuwan la B.
Thei
3pl
bin
pst
bay-im-bat
buy-tr-prog
ola
pl
nyuwan~nyuwan
red.new:adj
modiga
car
na.
now
Yu
2sg
luk
look
olkain
all.kind
modiga
car
nyuwan~nyuwan
red.new:adj
la
loc
B.
B.
They bought new cars then. You look at all the cars that are new at B. (place name)

Source: Angelo et al. 1998a

Confidence:
Certain