Datapoint Kriol/Indefinite articles

For the purposes of discussing this feature, the determiner wan(bala) is considered an indefinite article. It is identical to the numeral 'one'. This analysis is not unproblematic, as wan(bala) is not obligatory in indefinite contexts. Sandefur (1979: 104) considers it a marker of indefinite specificity: "There is one determiner, however, that functions somewhat like an article. Wanbala, though most often used as the number 'one', is not infrequently used in the sense of 'a certain'." See Feature 10 "Position of indefinite article in the noun phrase" for additional examples.

Values

Indefinite article identical to numeral ‘one’

Example 25-170:
I got wan mo geit tharrei.
I
3sg
got
have
wan
one
mo
more
geit
gate
tharr-ei.
dist-dir
There is one more gate over there.
Example 25-71:
Wanbala mayi, im peising derrei, wanbala mayi peisin dijei.
Wan-bala
one-adj2
mayi,
man
im
3sg
peis-ing
face-prog2
derr-ei,
dist-way
wan-bala
one-adj2
mayi
man
peis-in
face-prog2
dij-ei.
prox-way
One man is facing that way, one man is facing this way. (Context: spatial elicitation game)
Example 25-74:
Dijan lilboi imin drim blanga wanbala olgamen.
Dijan
prox:adj
lilboi
little.boy
im=in
3sg=pst
drim
dream
blanga
dat/poss
wan-bala
one-adj2
olgamen.
older.woman
This boy dreamt of a woman.

Source: Brennan 1993

Example 25-73:
Tubala bin go kamat la wanbala wodahol.
Tubala
3du
bin
pst
go
go
kamat
come
la
loc
wan-bala
one-adj2
wodahol.
waterhole.
The two went and came to a (specific) waterhole.

Source: Galmurr & Willika 1996

Example 25-154:
Wan men bin bringimap orla kid.
Wan
one
men
man
bin
pst
bring-im-ap
bring-tr-up
orla
pl
kid.
child
A man brought the children.

Source: Hudson 1985: 55

Example 25-75:
Wal imin ruwinim wanbala hawus ba wan olgumen, ol K. na en im asbin.
Wal
well
im=in
3sg=pst
ruwin-im
ruin-tr
wan-bala
one-adj2
hawus
house
ba
dat/poss
wan
one
olgumen,
woman
ol
old
K.
K.
na
now
en
and
im
3sg
asbin.
husband
Well it (the flood) ruined one woman's house, old K('s) and her husband('s).

Source: Angelo et al. 1998a

Confidence:
unspecified