Datapoint Kriol/Order of possessor and possessum

Possessive marking is one of the most variable grammatical features of Kriol, both within and across varieties (see also Feature 37 "Marking of pronominal possessors" for pronominal possessors). Both Possessor-Possessum and Possessum-Possessor orders are attested. Nominal possessors are usually marked with the preposition bla(nga) and in the speech of younger people in some varieties also with bo. A postpositional use of both of these prepositions is also attested, at least in the Western varieties.

Values

Possessum-possessor Frequency: 50.0%

Example 25-7:
san blanga olmen
san
son
blanga
dat/poss
olmen
older.man
the son of the man

Source: Sandefur 1979: 156

Example 25-10:
matha blanga Barbara
matha
mother
blanga
poss
Barbara
Barbara
Barbara's mother
Example 25-12:
Ai bin faindim det kap bla det wumun.
Ai
1sg
bin
pst
faind-im
find-tr
det
dem
kap
cup
bla
dat/poss
det
dem
wumun.
woman
I found the woman's cup.

Source: Hudson 1985: 71

Confidence:
Very certain

Possessor-possessum Frequency: 50.0%

Example 25-8:
bla big goana waif
bla
dat/poss
big
big
goana
goanna
waif
wife
the female ('wife') of the big goanna (which has a different name from the male)
Example 25-9:
blanga men kantri
blanga
poss
men
man
kantri
country
the man's country
Example 25-5:
Dij kamel im likimbat bo dat kanggaru irrahol.
Dij
prox
kamel
camel
im
3sg
lik-im-bat
lick-tr-prog
bo
dat
dat
dem
kanggaru
kangaroo
irrahol.
ear
This camel is licking the kangaroo's ear.
Example 25-11:
blanga olgamen daga
blanga
poss
olgamen
woman
daga
food
the woman's food

Source: Sandefur 1979: 156

Example 25-13:
Det sneik bla ai dei kolam rili dipwan.
Det
dem
sneik
snake
bla
dat/poss
ai
eye
dei
3pl
kol-am
call-tr
rili
really
dip-wan.
deep-adj
The (mythical) snake's eye is what they call the really deep one (waterhole).

Source: Hudson 1985: 71

Example 25-14:
Fo Jukuna kid iya.
Fo
dat/poss
Jukuna
Jukuna
kid
child
iya.
here
Jukuna's child is here.

Source: Hudson 1985: 72

Confidence:
Very certain