Datapoint Bislama/Uses of the habitual marker

Note that save has only the habitual use. Stap, which expresses habitual or progressive, has more uses. See also Feature 47 "Uses of the progressive marker".

Values

Only habitual function Frequency: 58.3%

Example 23-85:
ol SDA oli no save kakae mit
ol
pl
SDA
SDA
oli
agr
no
neg
save
hab
kakae
eat
mit
meat
Seventh Day Adventists don't eat meat.
Confidence:
Very certain

Habitual, progressive, and current state Frequency: 41.7%

Example 23-82:
hem i stap kasem fits
hem
3sg
i
agr
stap
hab
kasem
catch
fits
fits
She gets (epileptic) fits.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-84:
olgeta oli stap yusum fasin blong bifo yet
olgeta
3pl
oli
agr
stap
prog/hab
yusum
use
fasin
fashion
blong
poss
bifo
before
yet
yet
They still do things the old-fashioned way.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-41:
hem i luk Vira wetem hu i stap stanap?
hem
3sg
i
agr
luk
look
Vira
Vira
wetem
with
hu
who
i
agr
stap
prog
stanap?
stand.up
Who did she see Vira standing with?

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-83:
mi stap hetem hem bifo finis
mi
1sg
stap
prog/hab
hetem
hate
hem
3sg
bifo
before
finis
compl
I hated her already from before.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Confidence:
Certain