Datapoint Bislama/Co-occurrence of demonstrative and definite article

The postposed form ia (from English here) is used as a demonstrative and is also very similar to a definite article, but it is not regarded as a definite article here (see Chapter 28).

Values

No definite article exists

Example 23-63:
mi luk olsem bubu ia i kakae fulap tumas
mi
1sg
luk
look
olsem
comp
bubu
grandparent
ia
def
i
agr
kakae
eat
fulap
full.up
tumas
very
It seems to me that/like this grandmother eats too much.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-12:
woman we hem i aot finis, hem i pem buk ia
woman
woman
we
rel
hem
3sg
i
agr
aot
out
finis,
compl
hem
3sg
i
agr
pem
buy
buk
book
ia
def
The woman who left already, she bought that book.
Example 23-62:
ol smolsmol tortel ia oli kamaot long eg
ol
pl
smol~smol
small~small
tortel
turtle
ia
def
oli
agr
kamaot
come.out
long
from
eg
egg
The little turtles come out of the(ir) egg.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Confidence:
Intermediate