Datapoint Chinese Pidgin English/Predicative locative phrases

The existential verb got serves as locative copula. Occasionally, stop is used. Neither usage is directly modelled on Cantonese. We have not found clear examples of locative phrases without a copula.

Values

Invariant copula

Example 20-107:
濕波素急頓糯吉涉
[...] supposo captain no got ship.
[...]
[...]
supposo
suppose
captain
captain
no
neg
got
got
ship.
ship
[...] if the Captain is not on board.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.64

Example 20-108:
未士ΔΔ哪吉口素
Missyter X no got houso.
Missyter
mister
X
X
no
neg
got
got
houso.
house
Mr X is not at home.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.38

Example 20-109:
Mississy have got?
Mississy
Miss
have
have
got?
got
Is Mrs X at home?

Source: Darwent n.d. 1905: iii

Example 20-110:
希阿分士塔唏
He often stop here.
He
3sg
often
often
stop
cop
here.
here
He is often here.

Source: Tong 1862: IV.50

Confidence:
Intermediate