Datapoint Chinese Pidgin English/Predicative noun phrases

Belong is used as a copula only in a subset of copular constructions where it corresponds to the verb suhkyù in Cantonese, meaning 'belong to a certain category'.

Values

Variable copula

Example 20-105:
鼻郎星加思厘
Belong single sealee.
Belong
cop
single
single
sealee.
seal
They are only single seal.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.9

Example 20-47:
列地鼻郎花士其笠
The tea belong first crop.
The
art
tea
tea
belong
cop
first
first
crop.
crop
This is first crop tea.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.14

Example 20-103:
希晏尼士文
He honest man.
He
3sg
honest
honest
man.
man
He is an honest man.

Source: Tong 1862: IV.50

Example 20-104:
呼蚊㕭
Who man you?
Who
who
man
man
you?
2sg
Who are you?

Source: Tong 1862: IV.39

Confidence:
Certain