The precise number of speakers is difficult to judge. According to Ethnologue, there were 120,000 (native?) speakers in Suriname (1993) and a total of 126,400 for all countries, including Aruba, the Netherlands, and the Netherlands Antilles. But those figures may not include speakers who learned Sranan as a second, third, or even fourth language. According to Ethnologue, Sranan is used as a language of wider communication by 300,000 L2 speakers, and is the lingua franca of 80% of the population of the country, including the Hindustanis, Javanese, Chinese, American Indians, and Bush Negroes.