Datapoint Ghanaian Pidgin English/Social variation: morphosyntax

There are two main varieties of Ghanaian Pidgin English. Basilectal varieties are associated with the less educated sections of society, while more mesolectal/acrolectal forms are usually spoken by speakers who have at least progressed to the upper forms of secondary school. The morphosyntax of the 'educated/student' variety is more influenced by Ghanaian (Standard) English, while the 'uneducated' variety is closer to the speakers' L1 varieties. The differences have not yet been studied systematically but they include the 1PL and 3PL possessive pronouns, where the student variety has wana and dema instead of aua or dem/dea or the position of adpositions, which in the student variety may also be postposed or circumposed (see Feature 4 "Order of adposition and noun phrase").