Datapoint Ghanaian Pidgin English/Nominal plural marker and third-person-plural pronoun

Nominal plural does not have to be overtly marked in Ghanaian Pidgin English but it can be expressed by an -s suffix (the most common option) or through reduplication of the noun (faktri-faktri 'factories') or even of an attributive adjective. Cf. the following example, where the context makes it unambiguously clear that reference is made to several babies, not a very small baby (the other possible reading):

ì kari smɔ-smɔ bebi
3SG carry small~small baby
'It carried small babies away.'


No nominal plural word

Very certain