Datapoint Ghanaian Pidgin English (Student Pidgin)/Order of adposition and noun phrase

In the student variety of Ghanaian Pidgin English, constructions like

dɛ̀m put mì fɔ dɛ kadɛt insai
3pl put 1sg.obl for art cadet inside
'They put me in the cadet (corps).' (Huber 1999: 213)
could be interpreted as containing circumpositions (fɔ ... insai), while ... insai in Value 1 looks like a postposition.

However, there is also another way of looking at these constructions: fɔ dɛ kadɛt insai can also be interpreted as a prepositional phrase containing the preposition and a possessive noun phrase (dɛ kadɛt insai 'the inside of the cadet corps'). Directional prepositions in particular can often be omitted in Ghanaian Pidgin English (cf. à go ø haus ~ à go fɔ haus 'I go to the house / I go home'). Thus, it is possible to derive the construction in example 5 from a prepositional phrase including a possessive noun phrase:

à kam dɛ haus insai
1sg come prep art house inside
'I came into the house.'

from which the preposition was elided. Seen this way, the student variety has neither circum- nor postpositions.

Values

Postpositions Frequency: 50.0%

Example 16-5:
à kam dɛ haus insai
à
1sg
kam
come
art
haus
house
insai
inside
I came into the house.

Source: Huber 1999: 213

Confidence:
Very certain

Prepositions Frequency: 50.0%

Example 16-6:
ì go autsai dɛ siti
ì
3sg
go
go
autsai
outside
art
siti
city
It goes outside the city.

Source: Huber 1999: 214

Confidence:
Very certain