Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Uses of the habitual marker

The distribution of the three habitual markers is as follows: doz only refers to the present and yuuztu only to the past, whereas stodi can occur in both contexts in Nicaraguan Creole English (but only in the present in San Andres Creole English).

Values

Only habitual function

Example 11-136:
An di biich, a lat a baril yuuztu apier.
An
on
di
art.def
biich,
beach
a
art.indf
lat
lot
a
of
baril
barrel
yuuztu
hab.pst
apier.
appear
On the beach, a lot of barrels would appear.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-137:
Di oubia wuman no stodi meek era.
Di
art.def
oubia
obeah
wuman
woman
no
neg
stodi
hab
meek
make
era.
error
The obeah woman wasn’t in the habit of making mistakes.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-138:
Plenti piipl doz kom.
Plenti
plenty
piipl
people
doz
hab.prs
kom.
come
Plenty people are in the habit of coming.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain