Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Position of tense, aspect, and mood markers in relation to the verb

Post-verbal marking is restricted to the progressive -in, which is increasingly replacing the preverbal marker de.

Values

Immediately preceding the verb Frequency: 75.0%

Example 11-114:
Aaftaword evriting waa get beta.
Aaftaword
afterwards
evri-ting
every-thing
waa
fut
get
get
beta.
better
Afterwards everything will get better.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-115:
Wi yuuztu go op pik guava.
Wi
1pl
yuuztu
hab.pst
go
go
op
up
pik
pick
guava.
guava
We would climb up in order to pick guavas.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-116:
Wen di stuudyent de go sekonderi [...].
Wen
when
di
art.def
stuudyent
student
de
prog
go
go
sekonderi
secondary
[...].
[...]
While the students are in secondary school [...].

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-118:
yu did aks him
yu
2sg
did
pst
aks
ask
him
3sg.m
you asked him

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain

Immediately following the verb Frequency: 25.0%

Example 11-117:
As tiicha Darlinda did sein [...].
As
as
tiicha
teacher
Darlinda
Darlinda
did
pst
se-in
say-prog
[...].
[...]
As teacher Darlinda was saying [...].

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain