Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Independent pronominal possessors

While the preposition plus dependent (basilectal) pronominal possessor-construction that we know from San Andres Creole English still exists, acrolectal possessive pronouns which do not require a preposition are ousting the first construction.

Values

Special preposition plus pronoun Frequency: 70.0%

Example 11-99:
Dis biebi kyaan bi fa yu.
Dis
dem
biebi
baby
kyaan
can.neg
bi
cop.inf
fa
for
yu.
2sg
This baby can’t be yours.
Example 11-101:
Dis buk fa mi.
Dis
dem
buk
book
fa
for
mi.
1sg
This book is mine.
Confidence:
Very certain

Special pronoun form Frequency: 30.0%

Example 11-100:
Wi haf piknini an wi waan a fyuucha fa aal, not onli fa owarz.
Wi
1pl
haf
have
piknini
child
an
and
wi
1pl
waan
want
a
art.indf
fyuucha
future
fa
for
aal,
all
not
not
onli
only
fa
for
owarz.
1pl.poss
We have children and we want a future for all [of them], not only ours.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-102:
Dis buk da mais.
Dis
dem
buk
book
da
foc
mais.
1sg.poss
This book is mine.
Confidence:
Very certain