Datapoint Nicaraguan Creole English/Nominal plural marker and third-person-plural pronoun

In traditional Nicaraguan Creole English, the personal pronoun has the variants dem, deh and neh (the last one is quite rare). In present-day Creole, dei is at least as frequent as dem. If the derived nominal plural marker is used (and not the English-derived suffixes -s/-z), it is virtually always dem.

Values

Overlap

Example 11-55:
Dei plaantin tuu moch palm.
Dei
3pl
plaant-in
plant-prog
tuu
too
moch
much
palm.
palm
They are planting too many palm trees.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-56:
Dem mos gat plenti krak hous.
Dem
3pl
mos
must
gat
get
plenti
plenty
krak
crack
hous.
house
They must have [=there have to be] a lot of crack houses around there.

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Example 11-57:
aal di gyal dem
aal
all
di
art.def
gyal
girl
dem
pl
all the girls

Source: Nicaragua project recordings CD

Confidence:
Very certain