Datapoint San Andres Creole English/Predicative noun phrases and predicative locative phrases

From a language-particular perspective, da is a focus particle, not a copula as I claimed in Bartens (2003: 76).However, for the cross-linguistic purposes of APiCS, it is classified as equative copula (cf. the similar situation in Belizean Creole).

Values

Differentiation

Example 10-170:
Dehn sei Turkl da wan disgosting animal.
Dehn
3pl
sei
say
Turkl
Turtle
da
foc
wan
art.indf
disgosting
digusting
animal.
animal
They said Turtle was a disgusting animal.
Example 10-171:
wail dehn de de
wail
while
dehn
3pl
de
cop.loc
de
dem.loc
while they were there
Example 10-172:
Da we yu de?
Da
foc
we
where
yu
2sg
de?
cop.loc
Where exactly are you?
Example 10-163:
Beda Taiga da mi faada bes raidin haas.
Beda
Brother
Taiga
Tiger
da
foc
mi
1sg.poss
faada
father
bes
best
raidin
riding
haas.
horse
Brother Tiger is my father’s best riding horse.
Confidence:
Very certain