Datapoint Early Sranan/Transitive motion verbs: ‘push’

Motion-to is expressed by the verb.
The goal is marked by the all-purpose prepositon na which is neutral with regard to 'motion(-to/from)' vs. 'position-at', plus ini 'in(side)'; na ini may be preceded by te 'until'.
We did not find any clear instances of na used without ini 'in(side) in this context in the 18th-century sources.

Value 4:
Even though there are no examples with 'push into' in the available sources, a serial verb construction plus preposition appears with other meanings. It was probably a possibility with 'push into' as well. The example provided for 'push into' is a constructed one.

Values

At-rest marking is used to express motion-to Frequency: 90.0%

Example 1-10:
Dem sa trussu ju na ondro teh na inni horro va didübri.
Den
3pl
sa
fut
trusu
thrust
yu
2sg
na
loc
ondro
under
te
till
na
loc
ini
inside
oro
hole
fu
of
d'dibri.
devil
They will push you down right into the devil's hole.

Source: Schumann 1781: 163

Example 1-201:
Myki a diki wan holle troy da dubeli na in.
Meki
make
a
3sg.sbj
diki
dig
wan
indf.sg
olo
hole
trowe
throw
da
det.sg
d'dibri
devil
na
loc
ini.
inside
Let them dig a hole, (and) throw the devil inside.
Dutch: [...] het Graf en gooid den Duivel daar in [...]. [ op.cit.]

Source: van Dyk ca. 1765: 76

Example 1-202:
alla somma, dissi de na inni hosso
ala
all
soma,
person
disi
rel
de
cop
na
loc
ini
in(side)
oso
house
all the people who were in the house

Source: Schumann 1781: 58

Confidence:
Very certain

Serial verb construction plus preposition Frequency: 10.0%

Example 1-203:
Lea pusu Maria go na (ini) horo.
Lea
Lea
pusu
push
Maria
Maria
go
go
na
loc
(ini)
(in(side))
horo.
hole
Lea pushed Maria into the hole.
Example 1-86:
Sarki swali somma; a hali somma go na inni watra.
Sarki
shark
swari
swallow
soma;
person
a
3sg.sbj
hari
pull
soma
person
go
go
na
loc
ini
in(side)
watra.
water
(A) shark(s) swallow(s) people; it pulls people into the water.

Source: Schumann 1783: 83

Confidence:
Uncertain