Datapoint Early Sranan/Present reference of stative verbs and past perfective reference of dynamic verbs

The meaning of the unmarked verb depends largely on the discourse context. However, by default, stative verbs such as lobi meaning 'like, love' have present time reference when they are not preceded by a tense marker. Unmarked non-statives such as puru meaning 'remove' have past time reference, as long as the point of reference is speech time. However, all sources of Early Sranan have examples of unmarked non-statives with present tense reference, see Example 133 (Van den Berg 2007: 186).

Values

Stative verbs with present reference and dynamic verbs with past perfective reference are both unmarked

Example 1-1:
Isredeh mi kau bringi wan mannpikin.
Isrede
yesterday
mi
1sg
kau
cow
bringi
deliver
wan
a
manpikin.
male.young
Yesterday my cow delivered a bull calf.
German: Gestern hat meine Kuh ein Junges, ein Oechsgen geworfen. [op.cit.]

Source: Schumann 1783: 22

Example 1-127:
Mi lobbi va jam fissi nanga pepre pattu.
Mi
1sg
lobi
love
fu
to
nyan
eat
fisi
fish
nanga
with
peprepatu.
peprepatu
I like to eat fish with peprepatu (soup with cassave and peppers).

Source: Schumann 1783: 134

Example 1-128:
Joe wakke hessi te moesi.
Yu
2sg
waka
walk
hesi
quick
tumusi.
too.much
You are walking too fast.
Dutch: Uwe loopt hard. [op.cit.]

Source: van Dyk ca. 1765: 44

Example 1-129:
Dem pulu hem na <Gemeente>.
Den
3pl
Ø
pfv
puru
remove
en
3sg
na
loc
<Gemeente>.
congregation
They expelled him from the congregation.
German: Er ist aus der Gemeine ausgethan, ausgeschlossen [op.cit.]

Source: Schumann 1783: 142

Example 1-130:
Zenzi a de na pranasi a habi morre likki drie ten tien homan kaba zo menni nuw winti na tappe.
Sensi
since
a
3sg.sbj
de
cop
na
loc
pranasi
plantation
a
3sg.sbj
habi
have
moro
more
leki
like
dritentin
thirty
uma
woman
kaba
already
someni
many
nyun
new
wentje
girl
na
loc
tapu.
top
Since he has been on the plantation, he has had more than thirty woman and many girls.
Dutch: Zoo lang hy op de Plantagie geweest is, heeft hy al meer als Dertig Vrouwen gehad, buiten de Jonge meiden. [op.cit.]

Source: van Dyk ca. 1765: 65

Confidence:
Certain