Value Verb fronted with a copy in the background clause

Language:
Guadeloupean Creole
Parameter:
Verb doubling and focus

Examples

  1. Achté mwen achté'y.
    Achté
    buy
    mwen
    1sg
    achté='y.
    buy=3sg
    I did buy it.
  2. Bat Ijénie ka bat Ijenn.
    Bat
    beat
    Ijénie
    Ijénie
    ka
    prog
    bat
    beat
    Ijenn.
    Ijenn
    It's beating what Ijénie does with Ijenn. OR: Ijénie is really beating Ijenn.

    See Ludwig 1991: 95

  3. Sé bat Ijéni ka bat Ijenn.
    foc
    bat
    beat
    Ijéni
    Ijéni
    ka
    prog
    bat
    beat
    Ijenn.
    Ijenn
    It's beating which Ijéni does/is doing with Ijenn.

    See Ludwig 1991: 95

  4. Sé bat menm Ijéni ka bat Ijenn.
    foc
    bat
    beat
    menm
    intens
    Ijéni
    Ijéni
    ka
    prog
    bat
    beat
    Ijenn.
    Ijenn
    It's really beating what Ijéni does/is doing with Ijenn.

    See Ludwig et al. 1990